Sea-sun-sand -and fun- aside, Crete owes a large part of its allure to the legends of its past. Featuring a fascinating collection of age-old tales and stories hailing from the depths of Minoan prehistory, Mythical Crete continues to capture the imagination of modern visitors.
From divine kings, bull-headed monsters, faux-cows and heroic humans to wild nature goddesses, snake-waving priestesses and the world’s first robot, Mythical Crete never fails to amaze us at the Oscar Suites & Village. In our recent blog posts, we have travelled to the birthplace of the omnipotent ruler of men and gods, Zeus. We also took a peek into his amorous escapades with Europa, the stunning Phoenician princess who would become Crete’s first queen; and then looked into the connections between her son, King Minos, the mighty Minotaur, ingenious Daedelus and valiant Theseus. This time we will be exploring Mythical Crete’s powerful female deities and its gigantic proto-robot.
Mythical Crete: Power Women
Ancient Crete was far from patriarchal. In fact, archaeological evidence suggests that women played an important, if not dominant, role within the Minoan culture and religion. Potnia (“lady” or “mistress”), and Britomartis or Diktynna (‘Sweet Virgin’) were the principal female deities of the era who would later become equated with various characters from the now-well-familiar pantheon of Ancient Greek gods and goddesses: Homer’s Artemis Agrotera (“Potnia Theron”), also a goddess of animals and the wild; Rhea/Cybele, daughter of Gaia and Uranus, originally an Anatolian mother goddess recognized on Crete as the mother of Zeus; and Britomartis, also known as Diktynna, a distinctly Cretan version of Artemis, a huntress, bestowed with powers of fertility, life, death and resurrection.
Findings from what they appear to be cult shrines and sanctuaries, moreover indicate the existence of other goddesses – a goddess of the caves, a tree goddess, a dove goddess, a snake goddess. It remains unclear however whether these were as individual, specialized divinities or as aspects of a single Great Goddess.
Cretan artworks, nowadays housed in archaeological museums around the world portray females as figures of particular power and respect. Paying tribute to the powers of female fertility and procreation, neolithic figurines of the 5th millennium BC depict curvaceous, fecund women. Moreover, the figure of the “Mountain Mother” or “ Mistress of Animals” , an important Minoan nature goddess, frequently shows up on small, finely-cut seal stones, gold jewellery and ivory-carved cosmetic cases, often flanked by two lions, griffons or wild goats. Similarly, the Snake Goddess, first discovered by Sir Arthur Evans at the Palace of Knossos is often featured in antique Cretan art pieces. Likewise one of the most famous Minoan paintings, the “Toreador fresco”, portrays courageous young women somersaulting over the back of a charging bull, thereby attesting to the elevated status of Minoan women.
Mythical Crete: The world’s first robot
Legend has it that Talos was a robot-like creature made by Zeus himself, or according to another version of the story by Hephaestus, the god of fire and iron. Talos’ lifeblood was liquid metal and it was carried in a single vein starting from his neck and running down to his ankles. Each ankle was bolted to a nail to prevent the liquid metal from leaking out -something which would inevitably cause him to die.
A gift from Zeus to king Minos, Talos was charged with the safekeeping of Crete against potential invaders. To achieve this Talos toured the island on his bronze legs three times per day -not a small feat considering that Crete i s Greece’s largest island. Yet boasting a gigantic built and perhaps even wings that enabled him to fly, Talos was certainly up to the task. Whenever an enemy ship approached the Cretan shores, he would throw large rocks from a distance, thereby destroying the enemy vessels from afar. Yet if the invaders managed to set foot on Cretan soil, Talos would make his body super-hot and thereafter kill them.
Protecting Crete was however not his only duty. Talos was also responsible for ensuring that the divine laws were being observed by all islanders. To do so he would visit every village and town thrice per year carrying with him the metallic plates on which said laws were inscribed.
Talos did a good job safeguarding Crete, its inhabitants and social order. Alas, like Achilles, Talos had a weak spot: His ankle, where a nail closed his single vein. So when Jason and the Argonauts upon obtaining the Golden Fleece set sail towards Criete, Talos did his job as per usual. He started hurling rocks towards their ship Argo, albeit Medea who was onboard, either through sorcery or deception, persuaded him to remove the nail from his ankle. His essential “ichor” (immortal blood) thus spilt out and he perished.
Crete’s colossal bronze guardian was not the only robot-like creature in antiquity. The ancient Greek literature is, in fact, teeming with references to some sort of humanoids or golems: Daedalus’ automatons which, if not fastened up, played truant and ran away, but, if fastened, would stay where they were; or Hephaestus golden-wheeled tripods t hat according to Homer could “enter the gathering of the gods at his wish and again return to his house…”, are such examples. Greek mythology is indeed fascinating and often didactic. Stay tuned for more exciting tales and stories about Mythical Crete on our Oscar Suites & Village blog posts!
Oscar Suites & Village is a family – friendly complex of studios, suite and apartments in Chania, just steps from the sandy, blue flag awarded beach of Agia Marina -Platanias. Blending an ideal location with a host of worldly comforts, delightful food and drink and an atmosphere tailor-made for indulgent holidays, this eco-friendly hotel welcomes visitors looking for a taste of the real Crete.